Pigmentation is a condition commonly manifested as discoloration or dark patches on the skin. This natural phenomenon is typically caused by an excess of melanin, the pigment that gives our skin, hair, and eyes their color. Several factors can trigger the overproduction of melanin, leading to various types of pigmentation.

The leading cause of pigmentation is exposure to the sun. The ultraviolet rays of the sun stimulate melanin production as a natural defense mechanism of the skin against harmful radiation. However, extended exposure can cause an overproduction, leading to a patchy appearance known as sunspots or age spots.

Another common cause of pigmentation is hormonal changes, a phenomenon frequently observed in pregnant women. This form of pigmentation is known as melasma or chloasma and can result in large, dark patches usually on the face. Additionally, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation can occur after an injury or inflammation to the skin, such as acne or eczema. As the skin heals, it can sometimes produce excess melanin, leading to darkened patches or spots.

Lastly, certain pigmentation removal treatments, including specific antibiotics, hormone treatments, and anti-seizure drugs, can lead to pigmentation as a side effect. In these cases, discontinuation or modification of the offending medication can often reduce the pigmentation.

Types of Pigmentation

Pigmentation can manifest in various ways, typically divided into three broad categories: epidermal, dermal, and mixed pigmentation.

Epidermal pigmentation refers to melanin overproduction in the upper layers of the skin. This type tends to be darker in color but responds well to treatment as the pigment is closer to the skin’s surface. Sunspots and freckles are common examples of epidermal pigmentation.

Dermal pigmentation involves melanin deposits deep within the skin layers, usually caused by inflammation or damage to the skin cells. This type of pigmentation, which includes some forms of melasma, can be more challenging to treat due to its depth.

Mixed pigmentation, as the name suggests, is a combination of both epidermal and dermal pigmentation. This type exhibits characteristics of both types, with varying degrees of treatment response depending on the proportion of epidermal and dermal involvement.

The Role of Pico Laser in Pigmentation Reduction

Emerging as a promising approach to manage pigmentation issues, Pico Laser technology has shown impressive results. The Pico Laser is a type of aesthetic laser treatment that uses ultra-short pulses to shatter pigment particles in the skin without causing significant damage to the surrounding tissue.

The Pico Laser targets the excess melanin within the skin with precision, breaking down the pigmented cells into minute particles. The body’s natural immune system then works to eliminate these particles, resulting in a reduction of the pigmented areas. By directly targeting the root cause of the pigmentation, this pigmentation removal treatment can achieve significant and noticeable improvements in the skin’s appearance.

Why Choose Pico Laser for Pigmentation?

The treatment is suitable for all types of pigmentation, regardless of depth. For epidermal pigmentation, which is closer to the skin surface, results can be seen relatively quickly. However, for dermal or mixed pigmentation, which involve deeper layers of the skin, more sessions may be required for optimal results.

One of the main advantages of Pico Laser treatment is its safety profile. Because the pulses are so short, the heat generated is minimal, reducing the risk of thermal damage to the skin. This makes the procedure safer than traditional laser treatments, reducing the risk of side effects such as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.


In conclusion, pigmentation is a common skin condition with several causes and types. While there are many treatment options available, the advent of Pico Laser technology has revolutionized the management of pigmentation, providing an effective, safe, and quick solution for individuals struggling with skin discoloration. As with any medical procedure, it’s important to consult with a qualified professional to discuss the most suitable treatment for your specific condition.